Summary of What I Have Learned

Native Costa Rican people, those who inhabited Costa Rica before the Spanish invaded. What I knew of these people is that they live a simple, yet happy life. I visited Costa Rica back in when I was in high school. I loved the way the people treated each other and how amazing the art and culture was. They were kind and loved to tell stories, I loved how their food tasted and how healthy it was.

            Through my research upon these indigenous people, I noticed how my personal experience was seen within the research of others. The research I looked into showed how Native Costa Ricans lived in large communities and created very complex and colorful art. The colorful masks that they created for their festivals take a large amount of time to create. For these festivals, they allow anyone who wishes to see them to watch and partake in the festivals. Such as the festival of lights which consists of a large parade and is attended by many of the natives and those from outside the country to partake.

            Tourism economics for Costa Rica are a very large source of income. The natives are dependent on the income that tourists bring to their country and communities. This brings a problem with it though, how to keep the balance of nature and tourism to continue to thrive. To keep their forests preserved and improve the amount of tourist income has been an issue not yet solved. The natives have been trying to increase tourism without removing any forests or scaring away the wild life. So far this has been successful, but with the modern times it is difficult to keep their culture alive and provide for their families.

            Through and ethnographic look, I noticed that the natives seem to not hold the luxury items that are normally found in the United States. The roads are only paved within the cities and there is nature everywhere. The natives hold onto their culture and slow integrate aspects of the modern world. They seem to try very hard to hold onto their cultural heritage through everything.

            I had to go through a vast majority of research to learn about the people of Costa Rica. Through using the internet, I had to learn to phrase and rephrase key search terms, to notice copy right laws, and to comprehend what it was I had to read. I have learned to add and describe everything that I added to my blog posts. I do wish to return to Costa Rica and explore more, to immerse myself into the people and share in the happiness that they seem to radiate into others.

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Visual look at Costa Rican Festivals


Picture of Costa Rica’s Festival of Lights, giving an idea of the parade floats and the crowd that this event draws to Costa Rica.


A capture of what the masks may look like during the Fiesta de los Diablitos, including what the traditional outfits may be seen during this festival.


This image may be drawn, but it gives a look at what Costa Rica villages looked like back in the 1950’s. Bing. Retrieved from Bing. Retrieved from Bing. Retrieved from


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Costa Rica Festival Videos

Festival of The Little Devils

This is a link to a video which gives an insight into what the “Fiesta De Los Diablos’ festival is all about. This is an informational video created by Rob Traquair who published the video on January 12th, 2016. Rob is not associated with any organization and creates videos that he is interested in. This video talks about what work goes into preparing for the festival and what roles are played. The video also gives some details about the Boruca tribe.

Traquair, R. (2016). Festival of The Little Devils. Bing. Retrieved from


Festival la Luz 2015 San Jose, Costa Rica

This link leads to a video showing 9:26 of the parade during the Festival la Luz in 2015. This is an entertainment video posted by RED JG on December 15th, 2015. From the information that I could gather RED JG is a You Tube users account name, no real name or organization affiliation could be found. The video is just a run through of the parade, no commentary, just a video taken within the crowd of people watching the festival.

RED JG. (2015). Festival la Luz 2015 San Jose, Costa Rica. Bing. Retrieved from


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Costa Rica: Other Site Comparison

Source 1

Hall, C. (1990). The Paradox of Tourism in Costa Rica. Cultural Survival Quarterly Magazine. Retrieved From


Discussing the issues that comes with tourism in Costa Rica and how tourism is booming. How the Costa Rica government has been trying to make a balance of increasing tourism and preserving the local wildlife. Also, on a more serious note, discussing the economic problems faced with the fluctuation of the global economy.

Author Credentials: No Author

Author Organization: Cultural Survival

Article Date: 1990

Audience: People interested in Costa Rica and learning about the economic history surrounding Costa Rica.

Factual: This article is a very good source of information on Costa Rica. Holding facts instead of opinions about Costa Rica. There is a large number of references noted at the bottom of the page. It is clear that the author is not a native of Costa Rica. This Article is not very broad about tourism of Costa Rica as it is more about the economic standing of the country, but it does hold some facts about how tourism has affected the populace.


Source 2

Indigenous Art and Culture. (2017) Costa Rican Vacations. Retrieved From


This web site discusses how cultural crafts is not just a source of income, but a way to pass on their cultural heritage to younger generations. How the process of making their traditional masks requires cutting down the perfect tree at the perfect time of the lunar year. Jicaras are hardened fruits that the indigenous people use as bowls, cups, and utensils. Also giving a description of the festival “The Dance of the Devils”, from the masks worn to a layout of the days in how events unfold during the festival.

Author Credentials:

Author Organization: Costa Rica Vacations

Article Date: 2017

Audience: People interested in hearing about Costa Rica art traditions

Factual: This site has no author stated or any references to back up the knowledge. Although some of the knowledge on the website does correspond with information that I have previously gathered about tourism in Costa Rica.

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Native Costa Ricans

Intrigued by the customs, beliefs, and all the other thinkable characteristics of a new culture is just fascinating. A country that I have visited and would go back time and time again, maybe even live there, is Costa Rica. What I wish to learn and inform people about is how small the indigenous people of Costa Rica, “Native Costa Ricans”, make up of the total population. Native Costa Ricans make up around 1.7% or 63,976 of the people who live in Costa Rica. There are 24 indigenous territories for the Native Costa Ricans to live upon, to try and keep their cultural traditions alive.

Groups of Native Costa Ricans are spread out among their country. Such groups are the Boruca, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Huetar, Maleku, Matambu, and the Terraba all small groups of the indigenous people. What each of these groups have in common is the decline of their native culture, a strive to keep their land, and a dramatic decline in their indigenous languages. Each group has different characteristics that help distinguish them from one another. Such as the Boruca are known for their festival “Fiesta de los Diablos”, lasting three days, depicting the fight between the native people versus the Spanish. The Bribri is the second largest group of Native Costa Ricans, with a large political vote holding and their traditions where the women prepare the Cacao drink for cultural ceremonies, women dominate culture where only women can even touch and prepare the ritual drink. The Cabecar is the largest group of indigenous people and is very secluded from the rest of Costs Rica, living in the Chirripo Mountains they maintain the highest percentage of speaking their ancestral language. The Guaymi and Huetar are smaller groups that are more immersed into modern day Costa Rica. The Maleku have lost a large majority of their land and cannot live in their cultural homes due to the trees used are on the endangered species list. Matambu translates to “The Fleeing People” because they originally migrated from where the Mayans used to be to escape the Mayan people. This group was particularly known for being a militaristic group that was known for fighting the Spanish.  The Terraba are in the same decline state as the Maleku, their cultural language is only spoken by their elders and their lands have seen heavy deforestation.

These groups of Native Costa Ricans hold a large portion of their countries original cultural heritage and would be fascinating to visit and experience how these group live. From when I visited Costa Rica I have been in love with the cultural experience that I had and know that this was only a small portion of what there is waiting for me. The Boruca festival of “Fiesta de los Diablos” would be an exciting experience depicting what their history has been like. The Maleku are one of the largest tourist groups in Costa Rica, performing musical pieces in nearby city of La Fortuna that depict their culture. The Cabecar would be the hardest and possible the greatest to visit due to the 4-5 hour hike by foot that is needed before even reaching their first village. Walking the same trails that the Cabecar have walked and meeting with some of the families of the Cabecar and eating with them.

Map of Costa Rica Link        Map of Native Costa Rican Territories

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Hopes of Tourism: Costa Rica, China, and France

Tourism! Seeing new places, cultures, and people what a grand concept. Thinking of tourism, I like to think of visiting countries that are completely different from my own, the United States. I wish to see the world and experience other cultures, see things that those I live near may never get to experience. I have had the great experience of visiting a country unlike my own, Costa Rica. I hope that in the future the opportunity shall arise for me to visit countries like China and France.

Costa Rica is a beautiful country in Central America, full of life and spirit. I visited Costa Rica when I was a junior in high school (11th grade). The only way to express this trip is “Life Changing”. I have never been outside of the United States before this trip and was not expecting such a marvelous experience. The indigenous people of Costa Rica did not have all the amenities that I have in the United States, but the people were always smiling and seemed to be living to the fullest. As I traveled through towns and villages I never say any cats and almost no dogs what so ever. The culture was vastly different and the food was so healthy and unique, an experience I could never have had in the United States.

China is one of the largest countries in the world, a place I hope I get to visit one day. I can just imagine walking along the streets and seeing all the peoples’ homes and the shops. Just trying to imagine the smell of the food is impossible, but the thought of it filling the air with such intensity that distinguishing all the complex and flavorful smells is in comprehensible. I wish to walk along the great wall of China seeing both sides of this wall with a different out comes in history. I have seen the great wall in movies and pictures, but I have no doubt in my mind that seeing such a wonder in person is just breath taking. That the people of China built such a grand wall in their past. How people within the large cities live compared to the people out in the countryside. I have heard that they hold different cultural ideas and have a noticeable difference.

France, is one of the most romantic countries in the world. I myself have always fanaticized about seeing Paris one day, hopefully with my future wife. Seeing the stone paved streets with the beautifully colored architecture. The people so full of life and outdoor seating for restaurants full of people and the smell of fresh bread. Walking the streets at night with lights filling the night sky full of an indescribable beauty. To stand looking at the Eifel tower standing in the night covered in the shimmer of lights. I even want to experience the unique French cuisine of escargot, otherwise known as snail. To go and see all of the palaces and monasteries resurrected by the builds of past France, seeing the grandeur of such hard work. I have seen videos of the vast underground expanse where the French use to bury their dead in large mass graves, using their bones to create crosses of Catholicism. I hope that if I get to visit a country in the future that France is on the top of that list.

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